Vaginal Infections – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
Summary: Vaginal infections are common and of many types. Based on accompanied symptoms, infections of the vagina are identified and treated. It is vital to note that any drastic experiences of pain, fever and rash may warrant immediate medical attention. Otherwise, a vaginal infection can be treated with over- the-counter and prescription medications successfully.
What are vaginal infections? The cervix and vagina both possess glands that discharge clear mucous or fluid during the entire menstrual cycle, during intercourse or emotional stress. When excessive fluids are discharged, the collected fluid may turn to a light yellow color after exposure to air and bacteria. However, you may encounter vaginal discharge which is different in color – green or brown with a foul smell accompanied by itching or burning. If you notice a significantly lower or higher amount of vaginal discharge, it is likely that you have a vaginal infection.
Vaginal Infections Symptoms
Infections of the vagina are accompanied by a variety of symptoms. Then again, there may be no symptoms at all. The commonly occurring signs and symptoms are itching, burning or pain in the vaginal area with light-white, grey, yellow, brown or dark discharges. Some severe forms of infection can be accompanied by discharge of blood that is different from the normal menstrual discharges. The infections are also accompanied by foul smelling odors, abdominal pain or burning during micturition (urination). Some types of vaginal infections may also involve the development of rashes around the vaginal area.
Common types of vaginitis or vaginal infections are Bacterial infection, Yeast infection or Trichomoniasis. Bacterial vaginal infection is also called bacterial vaginosis. It is characterized by abnormal white or gray discharge and a fish-like foul smell. Women with this form of vaginal infection may complain of a foul smell after intercourse. Some women may not have any symptoms, while some may have burning and itching around the vagina. Yeast infections are also known as candidiasis. The discharge is thick and white-gray, often described to be cheese like. Intense itching and painful intercourse and urination have been observed for patients of this type of infection. Vaginal discharge may be absent in some women with yeast infections. Trichomoniasis is another type of vaginal infection which is accompanied by severe itching, burning micturition, foul smell and painful intercourse. The discharge is observed to be frothy and green or gray. This is a sexually transmitted disease and symptoms take 4 to 20 days to appear after exposure.
Treatment involves antibiotic medications. Your doctor may prescribe oral or vaginal pills that can give you immediate relief. Precautionary measures are always better to adopt and avoid serious infections. Always keep your genitals clean and dry. Pat dry after washing and do not allow unhygienic accumulation of dirt in the area. Change tampons, pads regularly and indulge in safe sex practices. Intercourse with multiple partners can be direct invitations to several diseases, not just vaginal infections.