Swine Flu Symptoms and Treatment Options
Summary: Swine flu symptoms are easy to detect and with their early detection, the correct treatment can be done and a person can be saved.
Those infected by the disease show all the common symptoms usually. Swine flu or swine influenza virus is a member of influenza which affects only pigs. There are other types and subtypes including influenza C and subtypes of influenza A including H1N1, H1N3, H2N3, etc.
In 1930, people began to realize that pigs could be infected by influenza. The most common form was H1N1. However, newer strains began to emerge between 1997 and 2002. Three different subtypes and five different genotypes were found. Over the years, swine flu has shown to affect humans as well and treatments have been in place since as early as February 1976. The immunization program was not a complete success with only around 22% of the population being vaccinated. Over the years, more vaccination programs have appeared and while there have been cases of swine flu, they were controlled and treated.
Swine Flu Symptoms in Humans
The swine flu pandemic of 2009-2010 while called swine flu by some was actually H1N1 spread through humans. Here is a list of the common Symptoms of Swine Flu
- Unusually high fever
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Body aches and head aches
- Extreme fatigue and exhaustion
- Diarrhea and vomiting
- Pneumonia and respiratory failure are the most serious swine flu symptoms.
The more serious swine flu symptoms include:
- Fast breathing or trouble breathing
- Bluish or grayish skin
- Not drinking enough water or fluids
- Severe and persistent vomiting
- Less interaction with people
- Excessive irritability in children
- Flu symptoms which leave but return worse than before with fever and heavy cough
Studies have indicated that the highest risk groups for swine flu include pregnant women, children under two years of age, people with chronic diseases such as asthma, diabetes etc and obese children and adults.
Once the swine flu symptoms have been found, treatment can begin. Once infected, injecting the patient with the antiviral drug will help them heal faster and prevent complications from arising. It is best to begin this treatment within 2 days of catching the swine flu symptoms. It is a good idea to be admitted in a hospital or stay at home, though hospital stay is better for complete rest and to improve the loss of fluids in the body. It is also helpful in preventing any secondary infection or medical emergencies from emerging and for better treatment.