MRSA Infection —- Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Options
Summary: Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection or MRSA infection is a kind of a bacterial infection which is resistant to antibiotic methiclillin.
The MRSA infection can cause minor infections in human beings such as boils or pimples or any serious infections too such as pneumonia or blood infections. Methicillin is an antibiotic that is usually used to treat staph infections or a kind of common bacterium that is found on the skin of healthy people. Methicillin is very good in treating these infections but sometimes the staph bacteria become resistant to this antibiotic and cannot be destroyed or killed. This bacterium which is resistant is called as MRSA or methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.
The symptoms of Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus or MRSA infection are very similar to any type of staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The skin becomes reddish in color and becomes inflamed around the wounded sites of the affected person. In some serious cases, the affected person may suffer from fever, lethargy and even headaches. This infection can also affect the urinary tract, pneumonia, toxic-shock syndrome and sometimes even death. The infection affects patients in hospitals who are old or are very sick. If a person has been taking antibiotics for a long time then he is more at risk. People who use intravenous drugs and people who have been suffering over long periods of time or are immune-suppressed are also at increased risk of this infection. This infection also develops in open wounds such as bedsores or when urinary catheter enters the human body. However, MRSA infection rarely infects healthy people.
Most doctors start the patient’s diagnosis by taking a complete history and physical examination to identify any changes in the skin that maybe caused by the MRSA infection. A skin sample of the wounded pus or blood, urine or any biopsy material is sent to the lab for testing. The patient is diagnosed as MRSA infected if the bacterium grows well when methicillin is in the culture. If a person is a carrier of MRSA, then the same tests are done but in this case, the sample skin is swabbed and not biopsied.
There are many treatment options available for treating the . One important treatment option is draining the skin infection. This treatment is important for a local skin MRSA infection. If you are given any antibiotics by your local doctor, be sure to continue taking the full course even if you feel much better. However, it is difficult to treat serious infections. Your doctor will guide you for any use of antibiotics. You may have to be admitted in the hospital too for more serious infections. The treatment in the hospital may include the following:
- Fluids and medicines which are given through a vein
- Kidney dialysis. This is done if there is an occurrence of kidney failure.
Therefore, it is very important to get yourself treated if you have any MRSA Infection symptoms. Treatment is very important to avoid the infection from spreading to other parts of the body.