Gonorrhea Treatment and How To Prevent It
Summary: Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Its symptoms are pelvic pain, vaginal discharges in women and burn sensation while urinating, painful and swollen testicles in men. Gonorrhea treatment can be done effectively by consuming drugs such as Ceftriaxone, Cefixime, Ciprofloxacin, Doxycycline, Ofloxacin and Azithromycin. Gonorrhea can be prevented by having safe sex and maintaining monogamous relation with an uninfected person. Condoms can be used to avoid any risk.
Gonorrhea (also called as “The Clap”) is a type of sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae which easily grows and multiplies in moist and warm areas of the human reproductive system. In women, this bacterium grows in the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes. It can also grow in the Urine Canal (Urethra) of both men and women. This pathogen can also grow in the throat, mouth, anus and eyes. If untreated, this STD can cause epididymitis or inflammatory disease in pelvic region and can also affect heart valves and body joints. Hence it is important to undergo gonorrhea treatment during the early stages.
In some cases, this STD does not show up any kind of symptom in both men and women almost half the time. Generally symptoms shown in women are pelvic pain and irritation along with vaginal discharges. Men show symptoms as burning and irritation while urinating, painful and swollen testicles or green, yellow, or white discharges from the penis. First stage of gonorrhea treatment includes its diagnosis. Laboratory tests for women are conducted on urine samples taken from them. For men, doctors observe the sample taken from a urethra (called as Gram Stain) under a microscope.
Treatment for Gonorrhea can be effective done in both adults and adolescents with the help of certain antibiotics and drugs. Dual therapy treatment (i.e. using two drugs) is recommended by CDC. People suffering from gonorrhea are also tested for other STD’s. There are several gonorrhea treatment options provided by CDC. 125 mg of the injectable drug Ceftriaxone can be consumed as a single dose. The Cefixime drug is used for oral treatment of gonorrhea. 400 mg of Cefixime has to be consumed orally in a single dose. A single dose of 500 mg of Ciprofloxacin drug can be taken orally. 100 mg of the Doxycycline drug can be consumed orally twice a day for seven days. Dual therapy of Ofloxacin (400mg in a single dose) and Azithromycin (1g in a single dose) drugs can be consumed orally. Several other drugs like fluoroquinolones, penicillin and tetracycline were very effective once but are not being used now because of high resistance rates.
Gonorrhea treatment can cure gonorrhea but cannot repair any sort of permanent damage done to body parts. Cured people can again get infected if they come in sexual contact with a gonorrhea infected person. So prevention techniques are equally important. This can be achieved by having safe sex. Condoms can be used to avoid any risk and monogamous relationship should be maintained with an uninfected person.