Cirrhosis of Liver – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Summary: Cirrhosis of liver might cause certain other serious complications in the liver that may even result in death. Patients, if diagnosed with the disease are requested to stick to a healthy diet regime, take medicines regularly and stay away from alcohol.
Abnormal liver functioning and structure leads to this ailment. It is basically a complication of many liver diseases. The diseases associated to cirrhosis of liver are the result of injury and death of liver cells. Scar tissues form as a result of inflammation and repair functions that are characteristics of the dying liver cells. Due to the death of liver cells, the cells that do not die start multiplying in a bid to replace the dead cells resulting in clusters of regenerative nodules (newly-formed liver cells) within scar tissue. The causes of cirrhosis of liver are many such as viruses in the body, chemicals like fat, alcohol and certain medications, autoimmune liver disease where body’s immune system attacks the liver and toxic metals that accumulate in liver due to prevalence of genetic diseases. Those that are excessive drinkers and possible pill takers are have been known to fall ill to this ailment more often than others, but it certainly isn’t always the case. Some say supplementing with Vitamins A, B, C, D and E will help your liver stay healthy.
Cirrhosis of Liver Symptoms
Some of the symptoms of cirrhosis might be nonspecific not suggesting that the liver is the cause of cirrhosis. There may not be any signs and symptoms or only a few symptoms in some individuals with cirrhosis of liver. However, some common symptoms are fatigue, itching, weakness, easy bruising because of reduced production of blood clotting factors by the affected liver and loss of appetite. Cirrhosis complications in individuals with cirrhosis also develop these signs and symptoms. Biopsy of liver is the most common method of diagnosing cirrhosis and it is probably the best method of detection. However, in persons where there are no clear signs of cirrhosis of liver and diagnosis is not possible only going by the signs and symptoms, liver biopsies are prescribed by doctors. Biopsies do carry a minimal risk for serious complications. Therefore, in advanced cases, biopsies are not desirable as it may lead to serious complications.
Routine tests, medical and ailment history and physical examination do at times suggest the possibility of cirrhosis. There are many other tests that can determine the severity of the cirrhosis and the complications present if cirrhosis is at all present. At times testes also point out the underlying disease that is causing this situation. Treatment can only delay further progression and reduce complications. Patients are advised to strictly adhere to a healthy diet regime. Close follow-up is necessary. To control itching and infections, antibiotics will be prescribed. Laxatives need to be taken to avoid constipation. Complete abstinence from alcohol is crucial for treatment of cirrhosis of liver. Chelation therapy removes copper content in liver as copper causes Wilson’s disease leading to cirrhosis. Interferon for viral hepatitis and corticosteroids for autoimmune hepatitis treat hepatitis-related cirrhosis. One is advised to seek professional medical advice immediately if they think they are experiencing this.