Bullous Pemphigoid – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Summary: Bullous Pemphigoid is a skin condition involving severe blistering with burning and itchy sensation. This condition is prevalent mostly in people over fifty years of age. Effective treatment is given in the form of topical applications, oral medicines and intravenous injections.
Bullous Pemphigoid is a skin disease found usually in people above fifty years of age. The person may acquire it due to certain genetic tendencies. In this skin condition the surface area of the skin is covered by blisters that almost look like skin cyst. Doctors have surmised that this occurs due to a sudden immune system response from the body. Some antibodies generated due to the immune system’s sudden response get accumulated under the basement layer of skin causing bulbous eruptions that lead to the disease.
Bullous Pemphigoid is characterized by itchy blisters that can be accompanied by a burning sensation. Occasionally disease can affect the insides of the mouth as well. Oral ulcers can create severe discomfort when acidic foods are consumed. In some rare cases, patients can suffer from bleeding of the nose too. If the inner throat gets affected, the patient can have frequent coughs that can be discomforting. However, the disease does not pose any threat to the general health of the individual.
Bullous Pemphigoid Test
Bullous Pemphigoid is diagnosed by a special laproscopic test. A needle is injected to collect fluid from the blisters. This fluid is tested for the presence of the abnormal antibodies that get collected in the innermost skin membranes. If their presence is detected, then the patient tests positive for the disease. It must also be kept in mind that this skin condition is similar to skin conditions that arise from various underlying diseases like diabetes or cancer. Hence accurate diagnosis is required for effective treatment.
Bullous Pemphigoid is treated with local application of steroid ointments like cortisone creams. This relieves the itchiness to a large extent. If the condition is more intense, then oral medication is given. This includes cortisone steroids that are had in pill or capsule form. In more severe cases immune system suppressant drugs are given. Some cases are treated with special immunoglobulin injections administered intravenously.
Thus it is important to note that Bullous Pemphigoid is a skin condition that does not affect the internal organ health of the person. Symptomatic relief can be given effectively with the help of steroid creams and medicines. Doctors have also found that local or topical application of cortisone creams are a better option to oral ingestion of steroids. This is practiced normally in conditions where the disease has not spread to large areas. It is noteworthy to mention, this disease can be effectively managed without any debilitating effects on the overall health of the patient.