Benign Rolandic Epilepsy: What are the Symptoms and Treatments Offered?
Summary: Benign rolandic epilepsy is an epilepsy syndrome, which results in partial seizures of the face and lower body. It is a common disorder occurring in children and cures itself with time, as the child reaches adolescence. The diagnosis of the child often depends on the family history.
Benign rolandic epilepsy is the most common type of epilepsy in children. It involves partial seizures of the face and mouth, and occurs mostly in early mornings or at night. It has a tendency to occur frequently at any time of the day. It affects nearly 15% to 20% of children between the age group of 3 to 13 years. Boys are usually more prone to be affected with this type of epilepsy.
Children may be affected by this form of epilepsy if any of their close relatives are suffering from it. They do not show signs of learning difficulty. In some cases, the child may experience difficulty in reading, writing and language.
Benign Rolandic Epilepsy: Symptoms
Children often experience tingling sensation on one side of their mouth, which includes the gums, lips and tongue. This may lead to sudden speech arrest and having problems with pronunciation, making it difficult to understand. Sudden pooling of saliva can occur. The affected person may experience twitching sensation at the corner of his mouth, or on the side of the face. The seizure can spread to other parts of the body and cause the arms and legs to stiffen. Sometimes, there is the probability of the whole body being affected.
The affected person feels a loss of consciousness, and jerking movement in his arms and legs. This type of seizure often puts the child to sleep.
Treatment for “BRE”:
There is no cure available for this type of epilepsy. It goes away as the child reaches adolescence. The frequency of the seizures is often limited to one or two, and hence may require no treatment. An electroencephalogram test is usually performed to confirm the epilepsy.
You can consult your physician in case of frequent seizures in the daytime. Antiepileptic medications like carbamazepine sodium valproate (Epilim), (Tegretol or Carbatrol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), gabapentin (Neurontin) and lamotrigine (Lamictal) can be prescribed by the physician. These medicines can be taken orally every day for two years, and can be discontinued once the child reaches adolescence.
Benign rolandic epilepsy is a disorder which occurs in children causing sudden seizures. It is often inherited in the family. It is quite common and only a few patients tend to show an abnormality. Diagnose of this type of epilepsy syndrome depends on the family history and the characteristics of the seizures. The physician may offer genetic treatment and prognosis to the patient and his parents.